Europe

Region Statistics for Europe.

Abbreviations: 

  • NTD = Neural Tube Defects, for which spina bifida and anencephaly are the predominant ones;
  • SBA = Spina Bifida and Anencephaly;
  • FAP SBA = Folic Acid-Preventable Spina Bifida and Anencephaly
Countries with Active, Mandatory Programs to
Fortify Flour
with Folic Acid
Annual BirthsPrevalence of NTD*
births per
1000 live births
Annual cases of FAPSBA*Folic acid consumption from fortification
(mcg/day)*
Program coverage
(%)
Annual Cases of FAP SBA* PreventedFAP SBA Cases Prevented by Mandatory Folic Acid Fortification (%)
Kazakhstan337,00025063503316733
Kyrgyzstan151,00022275106146
Moldova (Republic of)42,0002.7921890--
Turkmenistan112,00021686959516095
Uzbekistan622,00029336318074680