Middle East

Region Statistics for Middle East.

Abbreviations: 

  • NTD = Neural Tube Defects, for which spina bifida and anencephaly are the predominant ones;
  • SBA = Spina Bifida and Anencephaly;
  • FAP SBA = Folic Acid-Preventable Spina Bifida and Anencephaly
Countries with Active, Mandatory Programs to
Fortify Flour
with Folic Acid
Annual BirthsPrevalence of NTD*
births per
1000 live births
Annual cases
of FAPSBA*
Folic acid consumption from fortification
(mcg/day)*
Program coverage
(%)
Annual Cases of FAPSBA* PreventedFAPSBA Cases Prevented by Mandatory Folic Acid Fortification (%)
Bahrain*20,0001.214335901393
Iran (Islamic Republic of)1,455,00022,1835631002,183100
Jordan193,0003.3540353100540100
Kuwait69,0001.24836310048100
Oman*74,0001.252391894688
Palestine (State of)132,0005.5660504100660100
Saudi Arabia561,0001.2393335100393100
Yemen760,0001.25324499047990